The Tuamotus archipelago is the widest of the five French Polynesia archipelagos. Makatea and the 4 Gambier islands are the only high islands. However, the remaining 83 motus or atolls are not actually islands. Only 6% (roughly 19,000) of the Tahitian population live in this region, which is surprising considering it has the most islands and covers the widest area.
This region is famous for its colorful and perfect pearls (Gambiers). However, its first quality is the purity and wealth of the underwater world.
The Tuamotus were named “the dangerous archipelago” because of their hazardous passes and abundant coral heads “bombies.” The first European settlers aptly named the region because of the immense risks it presented to the ships during that era. Alternatively, today, many vessels visit the area thanx to navigational charts and Google Earth.
Google Earth will give you high level images of the archipelago. As well as many other images (as you know).
In addition, you can zoom in to see a particular region.
Alternatively, you can zoom in to see a specific motu. You can even zoom in enough to see the coral heads.
The archipelago is divided into the Western and Eastern islands. The western islands were discovered long before the Society Islands. The Spanish navigators discovered them in 1605 and then the Dutch in 1616. However, despite these discoveries, it took an additional 230 years for the world to learn about this archipelago. The whaling captains plowed through these seas refusing to talk about them. Probably trying to protect their fishing zones. Because discovering an island was not a priority.
Explorers left the Eastern Tuamotus mostly undiscovered. That is until the The French Government decided to put the Centre d’essai du Pacific Experimentation Center (CEP) in these atolls in 1960. Which is just a fancy name for nuclear testing facility. These tests continued for 33 years before it was shut down in 1996.
By way of example, a typical Tuamotu island will look like the photo below. In particular, with a reef surrounding the motus and a lagoon in the center.
Islands we have already visited in the Tuamotus (as of 22 Sept. 2019)
Islands we hope to visit in the Tuamotus:
Considering the above list, if we were to hit all of those islands, we would have visited all of the passable atolls in the Tuamotus. The fact that it is the largest archipelago, that is a huge feat.