Matt wears many hats on the boat. Engineer, electrician, mechanic, refrigeration, fix it man, chef, etc…Today, he wears his underwater mechanic hat. I will show you how he changes the zincs on our starboard prop while underwater.
We have to have pretty good conditions in order to do this project underwater. First, little to no wind. We don’t want the boat swinging around while Matt is trying to “hold on.” Next, we zero current and shallow waters. If something is dropped, we want to be able to see it and retrieve it right away. And lastly, a sunny day with no rain is preferred.
There are lots of things needed to prep. We dig out the hooka. What is a hooka? It’s an underwater breathing apparatus that is operated by a 12v charge. It is similar to scuba gear but does not require a large tank or BCD. Matt connects the hooka to a battery and it provides oxygen for him to breath while underwater. We also prep a bucket, tools and spare zincs.
As an underwater mechanic you need something to put your tools and parts in while underwater. Matt ties a line from the boat to the buck and submerges it underwater. He can then put his tools and parts inside the bucket thus reducing the risk of losing them to the sea.
Here is Matt all suited up, the hooka connected to the port engine and the bucket before and after submersion.
Preparing to go underwater
We have two volvo folding props. We can change the small zincs without having to disassemble and remove the entire prop. However, in order to get to the larger zinc we have to disassemble and remove three small 1” screws, 3 axels, 3 zincs, 3 blades and the hub just to get access to the large zinc. Yep, all underwater.
Our specialist, the underwater Mechanic, gets started.
Matt working on prop
First, Matt removes the first small screw, places it in the bucket and then removes the first axel. Middle photo Matt uses the end of the alan wrench to push the axel out. Once these two items are removed the first blade will come off. Great!
On to the 2nd blade. Using the same method our underwater mechanic uses the allen wrench to remove the screw, then the axel and then the blade. This looks easy peasy!
I spoke too soon. Matt removed the screw (top photo) and used the allen wrench to try to remove the axel. The first two just look a little tapping. After several minutes matt starts “jamming” it in with more force and still the axel does not budge (look at his white knuckled fist on lower photo)
He goes to his tool chest for a different tool. Searching in a black bucket underwater can’t be easy.
He grabbed several tools trying to get the axel out – on both sides. Even using the rubber hammer on each tool he still couldn’t get it out. He even tried using a clamp and that did not work. Imagine how fun it it so try to hammer something with the water preventing you from using full force. Poor thing did this for well over 45 minutes banging his fingers several times.
He was relentless on this axel which would not budge.
After two leg cramps and exhausting all thoughts on how to remove it, he decided to try another time. So, he put everything back on and called it an exhausting day.
Second Time is Charm
Matt put on his underwater mechanic hat a week later with better success. He found a spare axel and started with the troubled axel first. Coming at it fresh, with a better tool allowed him to finally remove the stubbornly stuck axel and prop. The other two were fairly easy as they were last time.
He brought all the pieces on board to clean and reassemble. The top photo shows you three things. The green arrow points to the hub or the main part of the prop. The blue arrow shows you an axel and the red arrow points to the used large zinc that is being replaced. The bottom two photos show new and old zincs (large and small).
Matt cleaned up the hub, removed all barnacles, growth and corrosion. The middle, left photo shows you how small the screws are that Matt has to handle underwater. The bottom left shows you the size of the axels and the prop blades. The bottom right photo shows you the numbers that Matt has to match up to the blades. The #1 blade goes in the #1 spot. Keep in mind, this is all underwater!
After everything was cleaned and assembled in the cockpit he went back underwater to finish the assembly. The large zinc first, then the hub, then blade #1, axel #1, and screw #1. Once secured, he repeats the process for blades 2 and 3.
The wind shifted and forced us to move to a more protected anchorage near Totegegie. This sweet, skinny island is where the only airport is located in Gambiers. It is a long, slender island with the leeward side in the lagoon and the windward side facing the ocean. Most islands with a “windward” side facing the ocean are breeding grounds for a graveyard. What do I mean by that?
The ocean carries all sorts of things that are dumped or discarded by humans. It is no fault of the ocean, but typically that stuff will land on an island that faces the ocean. Totegegie’s windward side is no exception. The photo below is a snapshot from our Navionics app which shows Totegegie. The bottom left side is the lagoon side, the red arrow is Sugar Shack, and the top right is the Pacific Ocean.
The lagoon looks unattractive because the chart shows all the coral heads (bommies), depth, and channel markers. But in reality, this is what the lagoon looks like in front of Totegegie.
Sugar Shack in Totegegie
Technically, we are not supposed to partake in any water activities which include swimming, SUPing, kayaking, etc… during the quarantine period. In fact, we are not technically supposed to move the boat within the lagoon to other anchorages either. However, the authorities have allowed us to move the boat to accommodate the shifting winds in order to keep the boat safe.
Breaking the Law
We have been going stir crazy staying on our boat for the past 11 days and needed to stretch our legs. So, we were naughty! We blew up our paddle boards and went to shore. Since the airport is closed on this uninhabited island — maybe it is not terribly illegal.
We tied the boards to a tree and exercised our right to move our legs.
Parking spot for the SUPs
We walked up a little inlet that becomes a small river during high tide and then dries out during low tide.
High and Low Tide
We encountered several different “graveyards” on the windward side. Using the descriptor “graveyard” is sad and gloomy, but so was the site we encountered on the windward side of the island.
The Boat Graveyard
First, the steel graveyard. The French Military used this area as a dumping ground many years ago. They dumped tons of steel and did not account for the eroding shore. Now the steel is all exposed and hiding in pain sight. Lots and lots of steel parts, poles, and pieces were scattered along the coast. So very sad.
Old steel uncovered on shore
The Fishing Trap Graveyard
The next graveyard was full of fishing beacons and traps. The Chinese use these large fishing contraptions and beacons. The locals use rods and reels. These bad fishermen build the large fishing traps using bamboo and string. Attached to the float is a beacon which allows the fisherman to find the trap at a later date. They attract fish by tying plastic bags full of food to the bamboo and they let the trap float in the ocean (see the center photo with the bags still attached). This is equivalent to deer hunting from a blind – not a sport!
Parts to Fishing Traps
The beacons seem to detach themselves from the traps and liter the beach as well. We found three beacons in a mile stretch of shoreline.
Old fishing beacons
The Trash Graveyard
As you can imagine, there is lots of trash, especially plastic on the windward side of the island. We unfortunately do not have space to store the trash on the boat, otherwise we would have collected it. All I could do was toss it further up shore to prevent it from being swept back into the sea.
Windward side with trash
The Animal Graveyard
Lots lobster shells laying around. Hopefully, it is just their shell after they shed them and not the death of the tasty lobsters. We came across a perfectly intact crab with his 10 legs and eyes sitting on a rock. Then a few feet away were a gaggle of crabs feasting on a dead bird.
Our walk on the windward side led us toward the airport over lots of dead, broken coral and rocks. We had a few small patches of sand, but for the most part it was a rocky shoreline.
Shoreline on windward side
The Airport Graveyard
We finally made it to the airport! It was not that far, but it took us awhile to navigate the uneven ground. Me posing near the wind sock at the top photo. An eerily empty airport and Matt walking along the “road” that runs parallel to the runway.
Airport on Totegegie
I had always wanted to walk down a runway. Why? Who knows? Just a silly thing really. But I loved it! Maybe because I am a law abiding citizen and this was illegal – or maybe the pending danger of a rogue plane flying in??
We enjoyed a lazy day after we got back to the boat. A little sunbathing and a few small boat projects. Here is our view of Totegegie during our quarantine.
This is the inlet we walked up to get to the windward side of the island.
Covid 19 aka the corona virus. French Polynesia immediately put strong measures in place to reduce the impact of the pandemic in the region. Effective as of 11 March, all international flights and cruise ships were prohibited from entering FP waters. All inter-island travel was forbidden (by sea or air) and a curfew was put into place. On 21 March, the entire population was quarantined (until 4 April).
Normally, I don’t put dates on posts because our posts don’t go live for 4-6 weeks after they were written. The reason we do that is to ensure our posts go live every Tuesday and Thursday (even if we do not have internet access). But this situation is different and dates are required to give you an idea of timing.
I know many of you, if not all of you are sick and tired of hearing about the corona virus and being quarantined. If that is the case, feel free to skip this post. However, if you are interested in learning how French Polynesia, a third world country, spread across thousands of miles, handled this pandemic, read on.
Full disclosure: We do not read or understand French so I am sure there is a lot we did not hear about, read about, or learn from others. This is just what we discovered as tourists in French Polynesia. In addition, to our lack of understanding of the main language, we are also without internet. We are located in the far archipelago called the Gambiers (the southernmost islands of French Polynesia). In addition, we have not even been staying near the main village within the Gambiers. We’ve been hiding in the remote islands away from the main land which are mostly uninhabited.
First Week – Early march
The first case in French Polynesia was a government official who traveled from France back to Tahiti in early March. Within a week 2 more cases were announced. And the rumors start flying around. Well, I shouldn’t say “rumors” as much as mis-information. It wasn’t people being malicious at all – just spreading information that may or may not apply to us here in FP. Some people assumed that French rules would apply here, but that was not always the case.
Chaos started by the second week of March. Smaller islands started closing (The Cook Islands and Galapagos) and the word on the street was that non-residents were going to be repatriated. Other countries were requiring two-week self-quarantine prior to entering (New Zealand and Australia).
Before the virus, our plan was to head to New Zealand in July via The Cook Islands, Tonga, Fiji. With the smaller islands closed to us it would make an incredibly long and tedious voyage of over 2500 nm.
Cruisers were posting on the French Polynesia Cruisers Facebook Group (which is a group I started by the way – because you know, I rock 😊) All non-residents were being repatriated (sent back to their home). Guests on shore being asked to leave, flights were being cancelled, and more and more cases were popping up. The FP government did not know what to do with pleasure vessels. There were not enough places to leave our vessels and most did not have a home to return to (aka Matt and I).
French Poly cruisers stared a WhatsApp group to keep everyone informed on the status of cases in FP and around the world. WhatsApp is a unique app that allows text communications with very little bandwidth. So, in most cases we could get WhatsApp texts when we could not get anything else.
By the third week in March all hell broke loose. The FP government sent all FP locals back to their home island. This is huge as many students’ study in Tahiti and many people work in other islands, trading, shopping etc… Over 150 students and adults were returned back to the Gambiers. In my opinion these are the ones that are most at risk for bringing the virus to the Gambiers. They were in Tahiti where most of the cases were found.
Once all locals were returned home, they shut down all inter-island travel. The land-based tourists had to get on one of 6 flights back to the U.S. or one of three flights back to Europe. Then all flights ceased in and out of FP at the end of the week. No cruiser is allowed to travel between archipelagos and in fact asked to “stay put at their island.” We were quarantined and stuck in paradise.
Residents Repatriated to their Home Islands
We had front row seats to the last group of locals to come back to the Gambiers. They are offloaded from a ferry on to shore using all sorts of precautions. Everyone wears gloves and masks (on-board and shore).
Residents return to Gambier during pandemic
The dock is low and it is close to high tide so tables were set up to hold the luggage as passengers disembarked. I would have liked to see them taking temperatures before sending them home, but maybe that is too much to ask. People from other islands come in pangas to pick up their guests and take them back to outer islands.
Once everyone disembarked from the ferry, they washed it down, inside and out.
Disinfecting the boat
Quarantined in Gambier. A two-week lock down, self-quarantine was put into place where everyone, on land and sea, were required to stay at home (or on their boat) for 15 days. Locals could go outside to work (if you work in a market, bank, or medical facility). In addition, locals could only step outside to get food, fuel or medical care and only if it was within a 2-kilometer radius of their home.
Return to the Mainland for the Supply Ship
We are so remote that all of the food and supplies have to come on a supply ship every 3-4 weeks. Only some local fruit and eggs are grown on the main island in the Gambiers.
The supply ship arrived while we were quarantined and it was pure chaos. We had ordered (3) 200-liters of diesel to share between 2 other boats and were only able to get (1) 200-liter barrel. Primarily because they wouldn’t allow us on shore until after 5p and curfew was 8p so we just did not have time to transfer the fuel. All the pleasure boats in Gambiers converge in Rikitea to meet the supply ship.
Sailboats return to Rikitea
The next day, we did go to shore at 0700 to procure some fresh veg and frozen goods. Armed with my mask and gloves, I got in line behind 3 other locals. They were allowing 4 people in the market at one time.
Masked up to get provisions
Cruisers may go to shore if they ask permission first and then they “may” be escorted by the police. We are only allowed to go to shore for food, fuel, or medical care. With prior approval from the police, one person may go ashore at a time and only for an hour at a time. In addition, the person ashore has to carry a govt form stating their business for being on shore and the date and time.
Boats Arriving Despite the Country’s Closure
Any new boats arriving are being sent to Tahiti, regardless of their original destination. Once in Tahiti, they will be allowed to refuel, provision, and do minor repairs and then asked to leave.
This was horrible news to the cruising community as it is the Pacific Passage time. What does that mean? It means hundreds if not thousands of boats that have prepared to cross the Pacific will be rerouted, turned away or unable to come. It takes many, many months to prepare for a crossing of this magnitude. Now, their choice will be to stay where they are (Mexico, Panama, U.S., Chile) and wait until next season (next year) which can be troublesome organizing visas. Go to Mexico which seems to be the only open country, or go home. So sad.
Many cruisers complained because they had been quarantined on their boat during their long passage from other countries (between 14-30 days), but FP wanted them to be quarantined where they could monitor them for an additional two weeks. Their country, their rules.
Restrictions Get Tighter
A cruiser friend of mine had made a few masks and generously gave me one. Yeah, as I did not have any medical masks.
Even being quarantined on our boat, it is still breath taking here. A sunrise in Rikitea, Mangareva (mainland Gambiers):
Sunrise surprises with its brillance
On 28 March, the government announced an extension of the quarantine to 15 April. They also made the rules stricter including no swimming or water-sports. Kind of hard for boaters as we have to be in the water to check through hulls, clean the bottom, monitor maintenance, etc… They made exceptions for us that we can do these maintenance things as long as we are not near the local population (near their shores). In addition, they implemented a curfew of 2000-0500 and anyone out during those hours will be fined 160,000 xpf ($160).
As of 3 April, there are 37 cases of Covid-19 in FP. One in Rangiroa (Tuamotus), three in Mo’orea and the rest in Tahiti. They recently received a huge shipment of tests and are planning on testing the general population in Tahiti and Mo’orea only. It has been 4 days since a new case has been confirmed. There are zero cases confirmed in the Gambiers.
What Has Sugar Shack Done
We have anchored away from the mainland off of uninhabited islands. For the most part we have been miles away from other people for the first 12-14 days. Another boat called HooDoo with a lovely, young American couple came to anchor about .5 miles away from us. They were under passage for 23 days (essentially their own quarantine) and came here to be quarantined to their boat for an additional 14 days. We felt comfortable being around them as they have not been exposed to other people for 6 weeks.
Being far away from locals and the authorities, we felt comfortable pushing the line a little. We did jump in the water, swam a little, cleaned the bottom of the boat and did some underwater projects. We read a lot, worked on puzzles (on devices), watched movies and worked on boat projects.
Loosening of the Quarantine Restrictions
The quarantine is lifted after five weeks of solitary confinement on the boat. The FP government loosened the quarantine restrictions in the outer archipelagos (not in Tahiti and Mo’orea where the virus is located). We are located in the Gambiers which is furthest archipelago from the Societies where Tahiti and Mo’orea are located. We have not had any confirmed cases, but then again, we have not issued one test.
In the outer archipelagos we are allowed to travel within the archipelago (to one of the 12 islands) but we cannot leave the Gambiers archipelago. The eateries open for take-out, the markets are open for regular hours, and we can visit with other people in groups of 6 or less, while maintaining 6’ social distancing. However, there is still a curfew from 2000-0500 and liquor is not being sold (only beer and wine Mon-Fri 0800-1600).
Little More Freedom
A month later (7 May), we have a little more freedom. The eateries are now open (if they wish) and the curfew has been lifted. We are still asked to maintain social distancing and have been asked to refrain from having large social gatherings.
The Last Bit of Freedom
Now, if we could only get permission to travel between the archipelagos!
We are Free
On 21 May the FP government allowed pleasure vessels that have already cleared into the country to travel between archipelagos. Great news. The only problem is the local gendarmerie in the Gambiers are stating that we cannot leave until the 29th of May. Not really a hardship as the weather is not good for a 4-day passage. So, we wait…but we are free!
Being quarantined in the Gambiers was the best place to be!